Cashew is a type of tree whose fruits, after drying, give production in the form of nuts. Cashew is used in food, as well as it is also used for making and decorating many types of sweets. In this, cashews are ground and used to make the sweet Kaju Katli. Apart from this, cashew is also used in making liquor. Therefore, the cashew crop is grown on a large scale commercially and is also a significant export business.
Many types of nutrients are found in cashew, which benefits human health. Cashew trees grow up to 14 to 15 metres tall. Its trees take three years to produce. Apart from cashew, its peel is also used. Cultivation of cashew is proving to be very beneficial for the farmer brothers in the present time.
How to Cultivate Cashew Nuts
Cashew cultivation was first done in Brazil. It grows well in tropical places. Its cultivation is considered good in areas with average temperature. Cashew cultivation should be done at an altitude of 750 meters above sea level. For the production of fruits, its crop must be protected from moisture or winter because its yield is affected due to smoke and cold. For better cultivation Swaraj 744 tractor model is best and it comes with an economical price range.
Suitable Soil Climate & Temperature
Ocean floor red and laterite soil is considered suitable for a cultivated crop. Apart from this, its cultivation can be done in many soils with good care.
A tropical climate is considered best for cashew cultivation, and its yield is excellent in places like hot and humid climates. The cashew crop requires more rain. Rain is required. In the cashew crop, the result is affected due to more winter and summer than average. Besides, winter frost also damages its crop.
Initially, its plants require a 20-degree temperature. After this, when the plants start flowering, they need dry weather. Finally, when its fruits ripen, they need 30 to 35 degrees. The higher the temperature, the decrease in fruit quality and the risk of fruit breakage increases.
Before cashew cultivation, the field should be well ploughed deeply so that all the residues of the old crop should be removed. After this, it should be pressed twice deep and diagonally. After this, to make the field’s soil friable, make it flat by running a rotavator in the area. And for field preparation Powertrac euro 50 tractor model is best.
After this, in these pits, cow dung manure should be mixed in the soil by adding appropriate amounts. Finally, add a proper amount of chemical fertilisers to the holes and mix them in the ground. After all these activities, all the pits should be adequately irrigated, and these pits should be covered.
They are prepared a month before the plants are planted in the farms. After this, the weeds present in the pits should be removed by weeding before producing the plants in the holes. After this, a small pit should be made in these pits, and plants should be planted. Then after that, it should be covered well all around.
Transplanting cashew plants in the rainy season does not require initial irrigation.
Plant Fertiliser & Irrigation
Cashew plants require more nutrients to grow. For this reason, its plants should be given a proper amount of fertiliser. Before planting the plants, the pits should be prepared. While preparing the holes, fill them by adding dung manure. This whole process is done one month before planting the plants. Due to this, the ground gets nutrients properly.
However, they should be irrigated at an interval of 10 to 12 days in the winter season after the rainy season is over. The plants should be rinsed for three to four days in the same summer season.
To control weeds, weeding should be done in cashew fields. After one and a half to two months of planting the plants in the area, its first hoeing should be done. After this, when weeds are seen in the field from time to time, they do their hoeing. Good growth of plants can be done by controlling weeds by hoeing.
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